Joseph Strauß (1793-1866) was born in Brünn. He studied with Joseph Blumenthal, Ignaz Schuppazigh, Franz Teyber and Johann Georg Albrechtsberger in Vienna, where he obtained while still a young man a position as violinist in the court opera orchestra. Later he played in Budapest and in 1813 became the music director in Timisoara. He was also active in Sibiu Brünn and Strassburg, later at the court theater in Mannheim and from 1824-1863 he was the court Kapellmeister in Karlsruhe, where he died.
Along with several operas he composed music for the theater and an oratorio, "Judith," also a string quartet, several variations for violin and many songs, which became popular in the Romantic period because of their sentimental tone.