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Vivaldi, Antonio -

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Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) was a major figure in baroque music and exercised a considerable influence on the development of the concerto.



He entered the priesthood, and because of his flaming hair he was known as "The Red Priest." From 1704 to 1740 he was teacher, conductor, and composer for the Ospedale della Pietà, a Venetian conservatory and orphanage for girls whose musical performances were famous. He also traveled widely, producing operas in various European cities. Unfortunately, his reputation diminished in later years, and he died destitute in Vienna.



Vivaldi's music was forgotten for a century after his death but began to arouse interest with the discovery of its influence on J. S. Bach, who arranged a number of Vivaldi's concertos for keyboard. Large quantities of his works have been found since the 1920s, and they are now widely published, performed, and recorded.



Vivaldi's output was enormous, encompassing most of the vocal and instrumental forms of his time. He claimed to have written 94 operas, of which 19 are preserved; these are rarely revived. He also wrote secular cantatas and many church works for chorus, soloists, and orchestra; oratorios, motets, and mass movements, the most popular today being the splendid Gloria Mass.



His instrumental music, however, is the most admired, and his greatest contribution lay in his nearly 450 concertos.
These are in various scorings for orchestra alone (also called sinfonias), orchestra with one solo instrument, and orchestra with two or more solo instruments. More than half feature the violin, but a variety of other instruments are also represented: cello, viola d'amore, mandolin, and woodwinds and brasses.


Most are in three movements, with spirited outer movements framing a slow lyrical one. Some are descriptive, such as the popular four that depict the Four Seasons. Many are routine works, but the best, such as the set entitled L'Estro Armonico (Harmonic Inspiration), have vigorous themes, powerful rhythmic drive, and strong structures.
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Total 143 Compositions Pages: 1 2 3 >
Notes
Series: Four Seasons, Theme: Winter
Orchestration: Violin 3+Viola+Vlc, Difficulty: medium to hard
Notes
Series: Violin Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Piano, Difficulty: easy
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Violoncello, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Masses, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Choir>SATB, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Four Seasons, Theme: Summer
Orchestration: Violin 3+Cnt+[Vla+Vlc], Difficulty: medium to hard
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin+Piano, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Violin Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin+Piano, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Four Seasons, Theme: Summer
Orchestration: Violin 3+Cnt+[Vla+Vlc], Difficulty: medium to hard
Notes
Series: Violin Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Viola+[Vlc+Db], Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Four Seasons, Theme: Spring
Orchestration: Violin 3+Cnt+[Vla+Vlc], Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Violoncello, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Four Seasons, Theme: Summer
Orchestration: Violin 3+Cnt+[Vla+Vlc], Difficulty: medium to hard
Notes
Series: Double Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+[Vln2+Vla+Vlc], Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Four Seasons, Theme: Winter
Orchestration: Recorder+Guitar, Difficulty: easy
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violoncello 2, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: chamber music, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Flute 2, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Masses, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Choir>SATB, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Masses, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Choir>SATB, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Masses, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Choir>SATB, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Masses, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Choir>SATB+Piano, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Violoncello, Difficulty: easy to medium
Notes
Series: Four Seasons, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Guitar 3, Difficulty: easy to medium
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Violoncello, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Violin Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Viola+Cnt+Vlc, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin+Piano, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Oboe+Piano, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Masses, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Choir>SATB, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Masses, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Choir>SATB, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Masses, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Choir>SATB, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Masses, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Choir>SATB, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Masses, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Choir>SATB, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Cello Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Violoncello+Cnt+Vla, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Masses, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Choir>SATB, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Violoncello, Difficulty: easy to medium
Notes
Series: Violin Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Viola+[Vlc+Db], Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Violoncello, Difficulty: easy to medium
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violoncello 2, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Double Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin+Oboe+Pf+[Vln2+Vla+Vlc+Db], Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Violin Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 4+Violoncello+Piano+[Vln4+Vla2+Vlc+Db], Difficulty: medium to hard
Notes
Series: Violin Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin+Oboe+[Vln2+Vlc+Db], Difficulty: medium to hard
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Violoncello, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Four Seasons, Theme: Winter
Orchestration: Violin 2+Gtr+[Vla+Vlc+Db], Difficulty: easy to medium
Notes
Series: Double Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+[Vln2+Vla+Vlc], Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Double Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+[Vln2+Vla+Vlc], Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: chamber music, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Guitar+Piano, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin 2+Violoncello, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Cello Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violoncello+Hpc+[Vln3+Vla+Db], Difficulty: medium to hard
Notes
Series: Cello Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violoncello+Harpsichord, Difficulty: medium to hard
Notes
Series: Sonatas/Sonatinas, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Oboe+Piano, Difficulty: medium
Notes
Series: Violin Concerti, Theme: miscellaneous
Orchestration: Violin, Difficulty: easy to medium
Total 143 Compositions Pages: 1 2 3 >